Author Topic: Condition of Ready-made Garment (RMG) Sector of Bangladesh  (Read 2572 times)

Afsana Ahmmed

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Condition of Ready-made Garment (RMG) Sector of Bangladesh
« on: July 30, 2018, 11:03:22 AM »
Condition of Ready-made Garment (RMG) Sector of Bangladesh

The Readymade Garments (RMG) sec­tor has a greater potential than any other sector to contribute to the reduc­tion of poverty in Bangladesh. The sec­tor rapidly became important in terms of employment, foreign exchange earnings and its contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Despite the phenomenal success of the RMG sector, poor working conditions in the fac­tories and a lack of Social compliance are serious concerns, which have, since 2006, led to labor unrest and damage to institutions and property. As a result, there is a rising fear in Bangladesh that the readymade garments sector may face a decline in demand. Social compliance in the RMG industry is a key requirement for most of the world’s garments buyers.

The RMG sector has experienced an exponential growth since the 1980s. The sector contributes significantly to the GDP. It also provides employment to around 4.2 million Bangladeshis. An overwhelming number of workers in this sector are women. This has affected the social status of many women coming from low income families.


RMG is the largest exporting industry in Bangladesh, which experienced phenomenal growth during the last 20 years. By taking advantage of an insulated market under the provision of MultiFibre Agreement (MFA) of GATT, it attained a high profile in terms of foreign exchange earnings, exports, industrialization and contribution to GDP within a short span of time. Over the past twenty years, the number of manufacturing units has grown from 180 to over 3600. The sector has also played a significant role in the socio- economic development of the country. The export made by Garments Industries of Bangladesh is improving year after year except some of the year. Strike, layout, shutdown of company, political problem, economic problem, inflation etc. are the prime cause of decreasing export in this important sector. But above it, Readymade Garments Industries is the leading sector in export sector. Over the last thirty years, international trade and investment in the global textile and garment (T&G) sectors has been influenced by Multi-Fiber Agreement (MFA) quantitative restrictions(quotas) applied by the major developed country importers (the United States, the European Union, Canada and Norway) on T&G exports from (predominantly) developing countries.

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